Good bacteria are??
Nowadays, many people suffer from gut-based dysfunction or illnesses. Our gut contains the highest percentage of bacteria residing in our body, weighing in at approximately 1.5kg.
The main bacteria are the multiple strains of Bifodobacterium, who reside in the large intestine and Lactobacillus who live in the small intestine. Disturbance of the intestine bacteria through poor diet, stress, trauma, operations and antibiotics can alter the ratio and/or location in the intestines, leading to dysfunction or illnesses.
Functional medical science starts to understand more and more about the importance of our gut - the “second” brain, also called Enteric Nervous System (ENS). The ENS is a collection of neurons which help to control certain intestinal functions completely independent of the brain.
‘The so-called gut-brain axis (GBA) consists of bidirectional communication between the central and the enteric nervous system, linking emotional and cognitive centers of the brain with peripheral intestinal functions. Recent research has described the importance of gut microbiota in influencing these interactions.
If the numbers of the healthy intestinal bacteria-colonies are too low, a number of things can be effected.
Not good? What can happen?
Locally, we can experience delayed gastric emptying and increased intestinal wall permeability.
This can produce symptoms such as:
What about my brain and bacteria in my gut?
The gut can also be influence negatively, when our brain function is altered.
Through stress or when you have been in a sport or car accident/concussion, the balance of parasympathetic and sympathetic nervous system can alter and our vagal nerve will be influenced.
The vagal nerve influences the valves in the digestive nervous system.
Very often in my treatments I will check the neck / C2/3 nervus vagus and I will explore the belly/ valve activity. Valves act as a doorway between the large and small intestine and should close in time. If the valve stays open too long, the bacteria of the large intestine can take a little field trip into the small intestine where they don’t belong. This can lead to:
So, what can you do to help your gut?
Do you want to know more and have a personal advice? Come and see me for an assessment, belly/body massage, stress less: yoga and meditation or advise on diet.
The gut-brain axis: interactions between enteric microbiota, central and enteric nervous systems. Ann Gastroenterol. 2015 Apr-Jun; 28(2): 203–209.
Intestinal Dysfunction: Uncovering the Neuro-Enteric Axis. J Neurotrauma. 2009 Aug; 26(8): 1353–1359. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2989839/
Leo Galland. The Gut Microbiome and the Brain. J Med Food. 2014 Dec 1; 17(12): 1261–1272. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4259177/
Weitz, Charles J. Circadian Clock of the Paraventricular Nucleus. Harvard University, Boston, MA, United States. http://grantome.com/grant/NIH/R01-NS060860-02
“Vasoactive intestinal polypeptide”. General Practice Notebook. Retrieved 2009-02-06.